Neil Buckley Tree Services
125 Lancaster Road
Carnforth
Lancs
LA5 9EE
T: 01524 736321
M: 07929826852
E: enquiries@neilbuckleytreeservices.co.uk

Tree Care

Pruning

Most pruning is carried out to meet human needs, rather than to help the tree. Trees in an urban environment have to co-exist with people and buildings.

Here at Neil Buckley Tree Services we can provide advice and guidance and carry out your pruning requirements. Please be aware that trees requiring pruning can still be protected by law (Tree Protection Orders, Conservation Areas etc) and you will need to check with the local council before works can commence.

Reasons for pruning can include:

Safety - Although most trees are very strong, well designed structures, sometimes they develop defects that can cause parts of them to fail. In isolated locations with no one around this isn't a problem, but by the side of a busy road it is obviously important to remove branches with problems in a controlled way. Pruning is often carried out to minimize the risk of parts of a tree falling and causing injury or damage. Another type of safety pruning is the removal of dead branches and low branches over highways and public areas.

Light - Trees planted many years ago can grow to unexpected heights and spread causing loss of light and casting too much shade. Trees can be pruned to allow more light to reach a window or garden.

Size - Sometimes a tree grows to be bigger than the space which it occupies, or to be an overbearing presence. One solution might be to remove the tree and plant another of a smaller species, but this can be seen as a drastic solution. Often regular pruning to contain the size of the tree is carried out.

Aesthetics - Pruning may be carried out on purely aesthetic grounds, to make a tree more pleasing to the owner's eye.

Tree health - Occasionally pruning is carried out to benefit the health of the tree. This usually involves the removal of diseased branches to prevent the spread of the disease.

The majority of tree pruning can be characterized by the following definitions.

Crown Thin

Crown thinning is the removal of a small portion of secondary and small live branches to produce a uniform density of foliage around an evenly spaced branch structure. It is usually confined to broad-leaves species. Crown thinning includes crown cleaning and does not alter the overall size or shape of the tree. Common reasons for crown thinning are to allow more light to pass through the tree, reduce wind resistance or to lessen the weight of heavy branches.

 

Crown Lift (or Crown Raise)

Crown lifting is the removal of the lowest branches and preparing of lower branches for future removal. Good practice dictates crown lifting should not normally include the removal of large branches growing directly from the trunk as this causes large wounds which may jeopardise the long term future of the tree. Common reasons for crown lifting are to bring more light and give access for traffic. In the UK common practice dictates clearance for vehicles is 5.2 metres (17 feet), and for pedestrians 2.5 m (8 feet).

 

Crown Reduction

Crown reduction is used to reduce the height and/or spread of the crown of a tree by the removal of the ends of branches whilst maintaining the tree's natural shape as far as practicable.

 

Crown Clean

The removal or dead, dying, diseased, broken, crowded, weakly attached and low-vigour branches as well as climbing plants (eg ivy).

Pollard

A frequently misunderstood term, and used in two different contexts. Traditionally and still commonly used this term describes the removal of all branches from the trunk. Mature trees that have not been pollarded before are generally not suitable candidates for pollarding due to the large wounds that such treatment produces which may jeopardise the long term future of the tree. A less frequently used definition can mean the regular (annual or biannual) pruning back of small branches to the same point resulting in the formation of a 'pollard head'. Pollarded trees usually require regular treatment of re-growth.

All terms used above are in collaboration with the Arboricultural Association

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